In the west, whiskey enjoys well-deserved respect, of the world's most popular strong drinks of the world, 19 are various brands of whiskey. Although there are many countries producing whiskey, only three of them - Ireland, Scotland and the United States have turned the usual, one might say, grandfather production into real art
"Single malt", "pure pot still" and "bourbon" respectively Ireland, Scotland and the USA. Ireland and Scotland are always arguing who owns the palm tree. But anyway, it is believed that the art of preparing this alcoholic beverage was brought to Scotland by missionaries. . Despite this, the Irish argue that whiskey is the invention of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.
In the 16th and 17th century whiskey was produced throughout Scotland. Raw materials were usually barley, although rye and even oats were also used. Sometimes the drink was distilled several times, so that its strength grew.
Gradually whiskey became a real "national" drink of Scotland. However, in 1579 the Scottish Parliament passed a law permitting the production of the drink only to the nobility and the nobility. The government of England was led by a monopoly on the production of whiskey. Authorities gave official permission to produce only 8 large distilleries, which with the help of British soldiers drove the medium-sized producers out of the market. Small moved to the countryside - away from major cities with soldiers.
5 GOLD TASTING RULES
The Scots recommend whiskey to follow the so-called "Rule of Five" S: Sight, Smell, Swish, Swallow, Splash. In the Russian translation, this could sound like the "Rule of Five" P: Look, Sniff, Soak, Swallow, Flick the waters.
Rule No. 1: SIGHT - WATCH Evaluate the color and transparency of the whiskey, as well as its viscosity. The dark color of the whiskey does not always indicate its venerable age, because it could be "adjusted" by adding caramel. A very old whiskey can be very pale if it was held in an old barrel of bourbon,
Rule number 2: SMELL - PONYUCHA Turn whiskey in a glass and smell it undiluted. Professionals already at this stage dilute the whiskey with water (see Rule No. 5) to release its flavors. Evaluating the bouquet of the drink you can try to find in it the flavors of the following main groups and ranges: ESSENTIAL TONE (from candies to dried figs) SWEET TONE (from vanilla to chocolate) VEGETABLE TONE (from flower to straw) TONE CEREAL (from malt to chaff) PHENOL TONE (from medicinal to smoky-peat) WOOD TONE (from fresh chips to rum and mold) OIL TONE (from nuts to butter)
Rule number 3: SWISH - SMOKING Take a small sip of whiskey and how to "chew" it. "Savoring" the whiskey in the mouth makes it possible to get a more complete impression, because different parts of our language perceive different tastes: the tip of the tongue is a sweetness, the edges of the tongue are salinity, the middle of the tongue is acid, the back of the tongue is bitterness. Assess the balance of these main flavor groups.
Rule # 4: SWALLOW Swallow the whiskey, taste it, sharpen it, or soften it. Pay attention to the aftertaste: prolonged or which, pleasant and soft or sharp and strange. class whiskey is characterized by a long aftertaste, and its aroma is able to persist in an empty glass for several days
Rule number 5: SPLASH - TO FILL WATER The Scots believe that dilution of whiskey with spring water allows revealing its flavors and palatability. This is especially true for cask strength whiskey more than 50% of alcohol content, the consumption of which in its pure form will instantly numb your taste buds, significantly reducing your ability to adequately perceive the taste of the drink
The bottle of mixed whiskey indicates the age of the youngest component in the blend
Malt whiskey (pure barley malt):
barrel vattedmalt (malt from different distilleries)
single malt (single distillery, different years)
malt singlecask (from one barrel, barrel fortress).
Grape whiskey (for the production of blended whiskey)
on sale as pure grain whiskey singlegrainwhisky
Mixed whiskey (blended)
mixing malt and grain whiskey. Ireland - Dzhemeson, Bashmils
Scotland - John Voker, James McKay, John DeVar,
Chivas Regal ("Deluxe")
Bourbon - American whiskey (Bourbon - whiskey)
corn (at least 51%, the rest of rye and barley) - Bourbon Jim Beam
corn (at least 80%) - corn whiskey) - Corn whiskey
corn (at least 51%, the rest of the wheat) - WheatwhiskeyMakers Mark
corn (analogous to bourbon, but a slow filter through charcoal of sugar maple) -Tennis whiskey Jack Daniels
Rye (not less than 51% other barley and corn) Rye whiskey Ryewhiskey
Marking: Unblended (straight) whiskey, blended whiskey, blended Bourbon whiskey (51% not blended in blend), American blended whiskey (blend of rye and bourbon)